First, there is a living being. There is a phrase in the original rule that is important. Enlightenment is achieved through a normal life with varying degrees of spiritual involvement. Theravada Buddhists say that a violation of the first precepts involves five factors. /* Add your own Mailchimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. *Buddhist Monastic Code I by Thanissaro Bhikkhu. Der Theravada ist heute vor allem in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Kambodscha, Laos und teilweise auch in Vietnam und der VR China (in Yunnan) verbreitet. The translated rule for killing a human is as follows: 3. In brief, the Theravada Buddhist texts (and probably all other schools) believe that an unborn child after conception is a living human being. ... Browse other questions tagged theravada mahayana or ask your own question. Much of what has been written are liberal beliefs and overturning what is written down in the texts. A Theravada monk isn’t allowed even to kill a plant (although the killing of plants or non-human animals breaks a less severe rule, and doesn’t entail excommunication, but requires only confession to expiate it). L’ABORTO NEL CANONE PĀLI E NEI TESTI DEL PRIMO BUDDHISMO – Buddhismoescienza, Theravada Buddhism and Sex: The Third Precept on Sexual Misconduct. Beliefnet Your email address will not be published. That is when we have there another living being. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Some say that if you poke it and it does not move then there is no consciousness. This basically happens at conception. First, the Buddhist view of abortion does not include a concept of rights, either a "right to life" or a "right to one's own body." For example, Philip Kapleau or Robert Aitken as chronicled in Ken Jones, The Social Face of Buddhism (London: Wisdom Publications, 1989). Along this line, Tworkov (1992) argues that the karmic skilfulness of an abortion is related to whether the person became pregnant and made her decision to abort without serious mindfulness. This story is a part of a series: Body Politics: The struggle for access to reproductive rights. If a monk directly says that abortion is OK or uses code words or even indirect speech with intention to say it is OK for a person to commit an abortion, and a person uses that speech as a reason to abort an unborn child, then it is a Pārājika offense; an offense of defeat and immediate expulsion. This post does not cover rights. Aborting it with intention is the same as killing a human living being. When I say Buddhism, I mean what is common to all traditional forms of Buddhism (Sravakayayana (including Theravada), Mahayana and Vajrayana). 39. Its doctrines are taken from the Pali Tipitaka or Pali Canon and its basic teachings begin with the Four Noble Truths. They are wrestling with the fact that women need the right to access, but they also don’t want to be too far out of step with Buddhism as they understand it. There is no single Buddhist view concerning abortion. Homosexuality is not condemned individually, but disagreements differ, especially in various Buddhist cultures - eg, Buddhists in the United States generally agree, and some Asian Buddhists are strongly opposed to homosexuality. Death would be better for you than life,” or with such an idea in mind, such a purpose in mind, should in various ways praise the advantages of death or incite him to die, he also is defeated and no longer in affiliation. However, approaching abortion as … Buddhists regard life as starting at conception. ( Log Out /  (p512). 1) Object: a human being, which according to the Vibhaṅga includes human fetuses as well, counting from the time consciousness first arises in the womb immediately after conception up to the time of death. After discovering that Buddhism generally has a negative view toward abortion, some left-leaning converts feel pressure to endorse an anti-abortion attitude but remain pro-choice. Since this forum is a Theravadva Buddhist forum and since a Theravada monk is immediately "defeated" or "disqualified" if encouraging an abortion, in my opinion, you should change your User Name . (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[2]='LNAME';ftypes[2]='text';fnames[3]='ADDRESS';ftypes[3]='address';fnames[4]='PHONE';ftypes[4]='phone';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Post was not sent - check your email addresses! We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. What Theravada Buddhists Believe Central tenets of this Theravada Buddhism, based on the questions in the Belief-O-Matic quiz. As you can see, abortion is used as an example in this book and also the main source in Pāḷi. #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } According to Buddhist teachings, life—rebirth—begins at conception. Both the mother and whoever performs the abortion generate negative karma as … Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. When the mother has an abortion, the pain that arises in him through the cutting and rending in the place where the pain arises that is not fit to be seen even by friends and intimates and companions—this is the suffering rooted in abortion. 4) Effort: whatever one does with the purpose of causing that person to die. by Nyanamoli Himi.- Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society, 2010, 794p. 5) Result: The life-faculty of the person is cut as the result of one’s act. Contemporary problems Abortion is considered murder, and all the violence acts have a terrible karmic effect. Damien Keown is a leading academic authority on Buddhist ethics, who in 1999 edited Buddhism and Abortion, the first scholarly study of the subject. Here is an account in an ancient text called The Path of Purification. For Japanese Buddhism's view of abortion see William R. LaFleur, Liquid Life: Abortion and Buddhism and Japan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992). However, the Commentary notes that gandhabba in this context means a being whose kamma enables it to take birth on that occasion, an interpretation supported by a discussion in MN 93” (ibid). A virtue-oriented Buddhist would argue that the attitude and motivations of the pregnant woman and her collaborators would determine the ethics of an abortion. Theravada Buddhism Providing safe illegal abortions in Myanmar is a ‘karmic balance,’ says one doctor. Notes. 2) Intention: knowingly, consciously, deliberately, and purposefully wanting to cause that person’s death. Southern Buddhism. Volume first published in 1998 (Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan). This opens up the door just about anything, even a nod of the head or a grunt, etc that may praise the benefits of killing, or death. Your email address will not be published. ... And anyone who assists illegal abortion can face up to three years in prison. Reaching Nirvana is the ultimate goal of the Theravada Buddhist. Buddhism and Abortion: Buddhism, Theravada, Vajrayana, Dalai Lama, Miscarriage, Religion and Abortion, Mizuko Kuyō, Buddhist Ethics (Inglese) Copertina flessibile – 23 novembre 2010 di Frederic P. Miller (a cura di), Agnes F. Vandome (a cura di), John McBrewster (a cura di) & 0 altro Attitudes about abortion have given birth to heartbreaking polarization and violence. Those speculation causes only extra confusion. There are monks who can feel themselves spinning in the womb seconds after the first consciousness arises. What do think Theravada Buddhists about contraception? Southern Buddhism. So does that mean that a person who is in a coma does not have consciousness? Good somebody wrote that down. Theravada (pronounced — more or less — "terra-VAH-dah"), the "Doctrine of the Elders," is the school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the Tipitaka, or Pali canon, which scholars generally agree contains the earliest surviving record of the Buddha's teachings. … when there is a union of the mother & father, the mother is in her season, and a gandhabba is present, then with this union of three things the descent of the embryo occurs” (MN 38). The same is also true with topics on euthanasia. My job is not to make decisions or advice for others, but to give a “pure” classical Buddhist explanation on abortion. Laws and views on abortion vary greatly in Theravada Buddhist nations. Learn how your comment data is processed. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. ), here is my understanding of a Theravada Buddhist view of abortion, which does not seem to be represented by any candidate running for US president. A bhikkhu who encourages a woman to use a means of contraception that works after the point of conception would be guilty of a pārājika if she were to follow his advice. A Pārājika rule on killing is also found in the Mahayana, and Tibetan Schools as well. In this case, speaking up in praise of abortion for any case, even to save the life of a mother, is an offense as well. This prompts a number of questions: Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Therefore, perhaps the only way in which a fetus might not possess a gandhabba, and be just a physical shell/husk, is if the fetus dies for some reason during the course of pregnancy (e.g., from a congenital defect), such that the gandhabba leaves that body naturally and seeks a different body. It should be noted that the first consciousness is defined as the rebirth-linking consciousness. That is why the author warns about contraception that can kill the fertilized egg. ; 23cm.-(BP No 207) ISBN 978-955-24-0023-6. If someone were to listen to a recording of such words or read an article of such words, and then do the abortion, then it would be an offense for a monk all the same as killing himself. The Second Precept is to refrain from taking that which is not freely given. Theravada Buddhism. This is not to say that it is prohibited. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The work has been copied from the website www.accesstoinsight.org and made into Der Theravāda (Pali: Schule der Ältesten) ist die älteste noch existierende Schultradition des Buddhismus.Er führt seinen Ursprung auf jene Mönchsgemeinde zurück, die zu den ersten Anhängern des Buddha gehörte. How the kamma works out is beyond my imagination. Buddhism is an ancient tradition which over the centuries has refined its distinctive beliefs and values in the course of a long interaction with the major cultures of Asia. Issues from specific situations – such as rape, the health of the child, the health of the mother, the mother’s ability to financially support a child – continue to fuel the abortion debate. But there is more than just direct speech. In Myanmar, most people practice Theravada Buddhism, which says life starts at conception. Such a topic is sort of taboo for a monk to publicly speak on because there is no way of really knowing if someone had killed an unborn baby based on such words. Share this: What do Theravada Buddhists believe in terms of abortion? Required fields are marked *. There are difficulties in attempting to reconcile ancient Theravada Buddhism with medical practices, bioethical matters, and social problems that have surfaced in modernity. This paper examines the abortion issue from a Buddhist perspective. I have a baby!” That is when the “birth” begins. Buddhists believe that life is part of an ongoing cycle involving birth, life, death and rebirth. Bringing rights into question will not be raised here. *The Path of Purification: ©1975, 1991, 2010 (used without permission needed in exchange for this reference) Visuddhimaga/Buddhaghosa Himi; tr. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1999. The Vibhaṅga defines a human being as a person “from the time consciousness first becomes manifest in a mother’s womb, up to its death-time.” It follows from this that a bhikkhu who intentionally causes an abortion — by arranging for the operation, supplying the medicines, or giving advice that results in an abortion — incurs a pārājika. Hanna, There is no comment from Shakyamuni Buddha about this directly save to say that the first rule per se is that all life is sacred and that the killing of a sentient being is discouraged. While abortion is still viewed as negative in Burma (Myanmar), it is allegedly also employed with some frequency to prevent out-of-wedlock births. In Buddhism and Abortion. It does however play an important role in the Buddhist Rules which can be used as a bar for knowing if something was done wrong or not. They claim “Modern Buddhism” as a section heading, but there is no such thing as “Modern Buddhism” since there is no such thing as “Modern Kamma.” The rules of kamma do not change over time, and abortion has been around since the time of the Buddha. Given the current US presidential debate environment (about sexism, abortion, etc. As the consciousness is held to enter the embryo at conception, it is felt to be fully human at that moment. Attitudes and laws in Thailand are generally more favourable towards abortion than in Sri Lanka. ‘If you look at the canonical texts and the views of the scholars the position is clear. ( Log Out /  ), here is my understanding of a Theravada Buddhist view of abortion, which does not seem to be represented by any candidate running for US president. Thus, Buddhism strongly discourages abortion except in the situation of an immediate threat to the mother's life. book format for free distribution. Buddhism apparently has one of the strictest prohibitions on abortion, much as it has one of the most finely tuned ethical systems, particularly with regard to the taking of life. Historically it goes without saying that the Buddhist view of abortion … How is that? “Knowingly” also includes the factor of —. Just as it is the penalty for monks on killing humans, it can be used as a model for the first precept for lay people on killing living beings. Laws and views on abortion vary greatly in Theravada Buddhist nations. Should any bhikkhu intentionally deprive a human being of life, or search for an assassin for him, or praise the advantages of death, or incite him to die (saying): “My good man, what use is this evil, miserable life to you? “Monks, the descent of the embryo occurs with the union of three things. If the fetus is not already dead, a gandhabba probably is still there, at any stage of pregnancy, and killing the fetal body that is supporting the gandhabba probably is the same as killing any living human (i.e., murder, if the killing is intentional, which might cause the killer to be reborn in some type of hell). Attitudes and laws in Thailand are generally more liberal than in Sri Lanka. This means that consciousness happens before the egg attached to the uterine wall. Traditional Buddhism rejects abortion because it involves the deliberate destroying of a life. ( Log Out /  E-mail Citation » Provides a good introduction to the orthodox Theravāda position on abortion in early Buddhism, as documented both in popular and canonical sources. In part, this is because Buddhism is a very old religion, and the concept of human rights is relatively recent. I feel there is no need to go too much into scholarly research when the life starts. 3) Perception: perceiving the person as a living being. Obviously you are not a Theravada monk and I think your User Name is deceiving people. Conclusion As the fundamental teachings in Buddhism state, that to kill intentionally is wrong, on the whole both Mahayana and Theravada Buddhists believe that it should be avoided whenever possible. Much of what has been written are liberal beliefs and overturning what is written down in the texts. This description will be skewed towards a Sri Lankan perspective, because I am most familiar with that. Buddhism The Buddha's Way and Abortion - Loss, Grief and Resolution A lecture by Yvonne Rand, a Zen Buddhist priest and meditation teacher in the San Francisco Bay area. As Buddhism continues to engage the attention of the West, the time is now opportune for its views on abortion to be heard. Of course, abortion, from a Buddhist viewpoint, is an act of killing and is negative, ... "I am only mentioning the Theravada belief here" As Buddhism teaches birth happens far before physical birth.It happens when the Semen finds the egg and start the process of growing.so not only abortion,Taking a … Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Still, studies suggest an estimated 250,000 Burmese women get illegal abortions each year. Mahayana Buddhism . The main difference between the two, is that Mahayana Buddhism can see why it First let us take a quote from the rule book called, The Buddhist Monastic Code I, which is an English authority on the Buddhist Monastic Rules. And thinking that being is owned by a mother, that would be the same as masters would own a slave. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! In the eye of Dhamma is the more than enough to declare “a living being” when a woman realized “I am pregnant! ( Log Out /  What do Theravada Buddhists believe in terms of abortion? I had that fear whether that bad karma of previous abortion will be affect to this time. Talking over a coffee in London, he emphasised that Buddhism has a clear response to abortion. The Theravada School of Buddhism, ... War, abortion, vivisection, euthanasia, capital punishment, hunting are all violent acts with fearsome karmic consequence. This post is not about the rights of women. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. A Theravada view of abortion 2016-10-29 2016-10-29 / MiP Given the current US presidential debate environment (about sexism, abortion, etc. Change ). The monk is expelled automatically without a trial and may not even know it. Access to Insight , June 7, 2009, Interesting article. Why do monks have one shoulder exposed sometimes and both shoulders covered other times. */. 1. Theravada is the dominant form of Buddhism in most of southeast Asia, including Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.It claims about 100 million adherents worldwide. Intense, dedicated and time-consuming effort required toattan enlightenment. While abortion is still viewed as negative in Burma (Myanmar), it is allegedly also employed with some frequency to prevent out-of-wedlock births. Edited by Damien Keown, 157–182. In Buddhism, sentient life is a bundle of 5 aggregates. From Thanissaro Bhikkhu’s introduction to that sutta: “Usually in the Canon, the term gandhabba means a being on the lowest level of the celestial devas — devas who are often represented as obsessed with lust. This rule against intentionally causing the death of a human being is best understood in terms of five factors, all of which must be present for there to be the full offense. Object. 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