We have a long history of expertise in the science of bird conservation. It likely benefits from knowing its feeding site well, and so is a fierce defender of its territorial prerogatives. Abolineata has longer wings and its bill may be partly black. However, coastal development and aggressive disturbance may adversely affect it (Domm and Recher 1973). BirdLife Australia is dedicated to creating a bright future for Australia’s birds. The dark form has a slate-grey body and wings, with a small white streak on the throat, the bill is slate-brown, and the legs are grey. The Pacific reef heron (Egretta sacra), also known as the eastern reef heron or eastern reef egret, is a kind of heron. Its flight has a labored take off extending through short flights. Medium-sized herons, reaching 57 - 66 cm in length. Eastern Reef Egret – Dark Morph, as their name indicates they live on reefs or rock outcrops. For example, white-phased birds tended to feed in the surf whereas dark birds feed by actively running and walking on the reef flat. The Eastern Reef Egret is found on the coast and islands of most of Australia, but is more common on the Queensland coast and Great Barrier Reef than elsewhere. The Eastern Reef Egret lives on beaches, rocky shores, tidal rivers and inlets, mangroves, and exposed coral reefs. White-morph juveniles are white. It has very specific habitat requirements, rocky and sandy shores. We also recommend. It also uses mangrove-lined shorelines, inter tidal mud flats, beaches, tidal rivers and creeks. The species is widespread in coastal east Asia, Australasia and Oceania. Explore, learn, discover and enjoy Australia’s most comprehensive bird resource. You may have had the briefest glimpse or heard a snatch of its song, or perhaps it was a bird you have never seen before. The White-faced Heron, E. novaehollandiae, is also grey, like the dark form of the Eastern Reef Egret, but is a lighter tone of grey, has a white face, a more extensive white throat, and clearer yellow legs. Our policies, submissions and campaigns make us the leading voice for Australia’s birds by influencing decision makers and stakeholders. Get involved by helping us gather and share information about your local birdlife. There are many ways for keen bird lovers to get involved. The Western Reef-Heron, Egretta gularis, sits neatly between Little Egret and Snowy Egret in Clements taxanomic checklist. Although birds are usually quite easy to see, often they are more difficult to identify. December's bird… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…. At the north and south it its range, it nests in the primarily in the spring, May–July in India and Malaysia and September–December in New Zealand. Visit BirdLife Australia’s stunning conservation reserves and sanctuaries overflowing with native birdlife and other incredible flora and fauna. It has a distinctive feeding posture and concomitant morphology to exploit an environment unique for herons, namely the tops of exposed coral reefs. plumage shade varying among individuals. Eastern Reef Egret (Dark Morph) – Egretta sacra. In all forms, the irises are bright yellow. It is found along the east coast of Australia with its southern range ending around Mallacoota. Systema Naturae, & c. Linneai, Caroli. Although they look different, they are the same species. Since then the species has been found a few more times in eastern North America and many times in the Caribbean, suggesting that it may stray across fairly often from West Africa. Range and status. Migration: The Eastern Reef-Heron is sedentary. During breeding, the white form is distinguished from the Chinese Egret by its thicker bill, shorter legs, shorter and thicker crest plumes, shorter back plumes not reaching the tail, and yellow legs. It also Walks in a less Crouched with head and neck retracted, or in Upright posture. Juvenile: Juveniles of the dark morph are pale smoky-grey. It uses sheltered sites for nests, on the ground, among rocks, within low vegetation, in small trees, or bushes. The members of BirdLife Australia, along with our supporters and partners, have been powerful advocates for native birds and the conservation of their habitats since 1901. They all have yellow legs and brown beaks. The Eastern Reef-Heron is a marine bird. It will interrupt its Walking slowly to Walk Quickly, Run, Hop or fly at a prey item. The stick nest platform is lined with seaweed. Apart from stretches of coast dominated by sand masses or steep rocky shore and lacking tidal creeks and rivers, mangroves occur along most of Queensland’s coastline. Eastern Reef Heron Poised, in the ebb and flow, Silent, in the slap and slop, Intent, in the swirling eddies, Still, stealthy, Stab-sudden! Distinct dark morph is slate-gray with a white throat, while the palest morph is white with a yellow bill and lores. In northern Australia, Eastern Reef Egrets tend to breed in colonies, while further south they breed solitarily. Surveys should be undertaken over its range to define important conservation areas for the bird. It is often recognised by its feeding behaviour: it feeds in clear water and hunts its prey by stealth, by crouching low as it moves through shallow water or over rocks and coral. On longer flights, it has more rapid wing beats than most herons, with its neck coiled back, its legs extending beyond the tail showing the yellow footpads, flying close to the water and gliding to a landing. It is native to the tropical climates of the coasts of West Africa, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and India. Some birds have white plumage and others are charcoal-grey. Heron Island is a coral cay located on the southern section of the Great Barrier Reef, approximately 80km off the coast of Gladstone, Queensland. The bill and legs turn yellow. Search our listing to find the next opportunity to see your favourite birds nearby and interstate. It tolerates nonaggressive human interaction on islands. Research, monitoring and evaluation underpin all our efforts. During the 1930s, Captain Christian Poulsen started ferrying tourists there and in 1936 he opened the Heron Island Resort. There was little development on Heron until the 1920s, when a turtle soup cannery was established, but it was short-lived. Species Page of the Eastern Reef Egret / Pacific Reef Heron Please Note: The articles or images on this page are the sole property of the authors or photographers. There are about 120 birds on Heron Island. The eyes of both forms are yellow. Its usual habitats are islands with rocky shores or shallowly flooded coral reefs. Together with the abundance of wildlife and marine life including spectacular coral, nesting turtles and migrating whales, Heron … Chicks leave nest in 3 weeks and hide nearby. Lanceolate plumes also occur on the foreneck and back. The slim, elegant, white egrets are very similar and operate in similar niches, but in opposite hemispheres. It is also characterized by its feeding location on rocky shores and reefs. 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