There are several varieties to choose from with a range of sizes, shapes, and colors. The best time to plant eggplant in Florida is April. Young fruit is pure white and yellows as it matures. This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. Start eggplant seeds about eight weeks before planting outside. Eggplant leaves are large and coarse, and the stem is often spiny. Here are the names of some of these varieties. For the best flavor, pick the fruit when it’s white. Black Beauty – this classic eggplant is grown commercially and found in grocery stores. A 5-gallon bucket is the minimum I would recommend for growing eggplants. Large round to oval fruit 4 to 6 inches long, 5 inches in diameter; Elongated eggplant fruit:. Oriental type. Eggplant needs warm conditions, and will not thrive during a cool season. You can get several types of varieties of eggplant to grow in your garden. The following eggplant varieties produce this traditional shaped eggplant. If the weather is not warm enough eggplant will patiently sit there until temperatures rise. It has a mild flavor that tastes similar to mushroom. It will grow as a perennial in growing zones 10 and 11. Large Eggplant. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Varieties Sicilian. Pinching the terminal buds (top-most growing tips) will cultivate a bushier form. Florida friendly varieties are Black Beauty, Ichiban, and Long. If you have something more significant, use it. Staying in Europe, but moving from France to Italy, ‘Clara’ is an Italian hybrid that produces a … It is imp… (The color and glossiness of the eggplant determine the best time to harvest, rather than the fruit’s size.) Eggplants can only grow in warm soil—50 degrees Fahrenheit or above. Install plant supports at the time of planting. The following eggplant varieties are not only easier than some to grow, but they have a flavor that you’ll love. This will give your seedlings the best chance at survival. The fruit yield is four to six per plant, and continues producing all season. This white eggplant takes up to 65 days to mature. Most people think of eggplants as large, oval fruits with a deep purple … If you buy plants from a garden center, choose sturdy plants up to a foot tall. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a warm weather perennial that grows as an annual in the U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4 through 10. The following Asian eggplant varieties are favorites for good taste and texture. Taking up to 85 days to mature, Black Beauty is the most popular eggplant variety for gardeners. Remove all weeds and till the soil to loosen it to a depth of 6 to 10 inches. On a sunny day, soil temperatures inside black pots may be 10 degrees or more higher than in-ground soil temperatures. Rosa Bianca – a lovely Italian variety with lavender and white fruit. Pick the fruit before the glossy, dark skin begins to fade. Your email address will not be published. Learn all about growing eggplant, including the best eggplant varieties, how to prevent pests, growing eggplant in containers and simple tips for cooking baba ghanouj and caponata. Casper: An ivory-skinned, slightly elongated eggplant that fruits in about 70 days, Casper’ grows well even in northern gardens. Eggplant Varieties: Best Bets and Easy-to-Grow Large oval eggplant:. Purple Striped Eggplant. It can be stressed easily just like tomatoes and peppers. The large fruit and early harvesting nature of the plant make it a great choice to grow at home. It produces large, meaty fruit with lavender or ivory colored skin. Because eggplant really needs warm soil to grow well, gardeners in cool climates often do best growing the plants in large, dark-colored containers. How to Cook Chinese Eggplant. If this is the route you wish to go, you will need a pretty large container. Privacy Policy, « Corn Varieties: Best Bets and Easy-to-Grow, Melon Growing Problems: Troubleshooting ». They’re the sweetest-tasting... Indian Eggplant. Florida Market – This is one of the most common varieties available. Both the productivity and flavor of this Japanese variety are exceptional. If you are thinking about growing eggplant, it’s a good idea to consider which time of year they typically do best. Anticipate eggplant flea beetles. Transplant outdoors after nighttime low temperatures have risen above 50°F. Localized weather patterns, drought, excessive rain, insects, biblical plagues, raccoons, etc. The flowers are gorgeous, and the eggplants look like little (or big) molded sculptures. may affect the efficacy of this guide. Matures in 80 days. It produces small, white oval fruit. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October The plant produces large, purple, oval fruit. Healthy plants produce larger fruit in greater quantities. In this growing guide we will be talking all about eggplants! Feeding eggplants during their growing and fruiting stages improves the overall health of the plant. Eggplant is a crop found across the globe, and in many varieties. The best time to plant eggplant is on a day that’s warm, cloudy, and windless. Good flavor and quality. Eggplant (family Solanaceae; Solanum melongena) is thought to have originated in Southern to Southeastern Asia. This popular variety matures in 70 days. Try them in this recipe, from North Carolina reader Allyson Meyler.It calls for conventional eggplant, but the Chinese eggplant’s inherent sweetness will be accentuated by the lime juice and sesame, letting the spices shine. Listada de Gandia – attractive white and lavender striped fruit. This Italian eggplant variety takes from 70 to 90 days to reach maturity. The plant itself can grow up to six feet tall, and may need to be supported. Eggplants have a long growing season, so you’ll need to start them indoors around eight weeks before your region’s last frost date. It takes from 58 to 70 days to reach maturity. Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. Eggplant prefers well-drained, fertile, sandy loam soils with a pH between 5.5 and 7.2. They shine in stir fries, as pickles or braised. Wait to plant eggplant (either by starting seeds or seedlings) until the soil temperatures are higher than 50 degrees F (10 C), and all danger of frost has passed. See to it that the seeds are disease-free. Place in full sun, and feed regularly. Grows beautifully in garden beds or containers. If you’re undecided about which eggplant variety you should grow in your garden, consider the following conditions before choosing your eggplant seeds or seedlings: Japanese and Chinese eggplants are long and slender with thin skin and a mild flavor. To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea … Fairy Tale – One of my favorite types, this prolific plant bears small, slender, light-purple fruits with white splotches. The young eggplants are lavender, and turn purple as they grow. This Asian variety takes about 70 days to mature. Just to name a few. Eggplant is a warm loving plant and cool weather will slow its growth. Soil. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. Traditional Oval Eggplants. Sicilian heirlooms have striped skins that can range from dark purple and white to rose and white. What Is the Best Place for Growing Eggplant? Slice Millionaires into rounds and make eggplant parmesan or baba ghanoush. Fairytale, Bambino, and white eggplants are all great choices for container planting too. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. They can be bell-shaped or round with pure white or ivory-colored skin and cream flesh. Southern slopes that warm early in the spring may yield better. Millionaire boasts classic dark-purple fruits. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need. Harvest To Table Sometimes... Japanese Eggplant. The best time to plant eggplant is in late spring after the last threat of frost. Growing eggplants in the veggie garden can be so rewarding when the time comes to harvest these tasty, versatile plants. Elongated Eggplant. Eggplant (solanum melongena), or aubergine, is a perennial, warm-season vegetable from the nightshade family.Eggplants come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors.The most common eggplant variety in the US is the globe eggplant—this hefty … This eggplant variety tastes sweet and tender for all types of recipes. Whether you’re planting in a vegetable garden, in containers or ornamental beds, choose an area that has good drainage and slightly acidic soil. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. The sun-loving eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a perennial that can be grown as an annual in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10. Deep, well-drained sandy loam soils are ideal for eggplant. The fruit’s full size is about 5 inches. These eggplants are long and thin and have very dark, glossy skin. Eggplant is closely related to pepper, tomato, tobacco and potato, and shares diseases with some of these crops. These include: Small Eggplant. Most white eggplant cultivars are smaller than purple eggplants. Most people think of eggplants as large, oval fruits with a deep purple color. Eggplant prefers light, humus-rich, well-drained, warm soil. Fine flavor; holds well. This Japanese eggplant variety is the most popular. Eggplant provides 6 to 10 percent of daily needs of important manganese for Healthy Bones and source of B Vitamins – Herald, How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. What can’t you do with Chinese eggplant? The fruit features ivory skin, and grows to about 6-inches long. The plant produces long, slender fruit, reaching up to 10 inches. “Eggplant seeds should be started indoors in mid-spring under grow lights or in a sunny window,” says Niki Jabbour, the author of “The Year-Round Vegetable Gardener.” Cultivation methods are similar to those for pepper, but it is more heat tolerant and cold sensitive. By understanding what eggplants need to grow … Eggplants (Solanum melongena) prefer at least six to eight hours of full sun and well-drained soil. The higher the organic matter content of the soil the better, so incorporate a 3- to 4-inch layer of compost if possible. It’s ideal for container growing. Trimming Eggplant for More Fruit Production, Eggplant Height Varies Depending on the Variety, When Is the Best Time to Pick White Eggplant, A Simple Solution for White Eggplant Leaves, Garden area with full sun for six hours each day, Temperature range of 70°F (21°C) to 85°F (29°C), Well drained soil with a pH of 6.2 to 6.8, Enough space to plant seedlings 36 inches apart and rows 2 feet apart. Clara. Eggplant is a very tender vegetable that grows best in growing zones 5–12. Eggplants grow best in a compost-rich, fertile soil under full sun. Each plant produces a half dozen or more fruits with a mild, non-bitter flavor and small seeds. Add a cage to your eggplant to help support stems when heavy with fruit. If planted in early spring, eggplant grows best in light sandy soils; loam is preferred for later crops. Long slender cylindrical fruit., 7 to10 inches in... White eggplant:. 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